The history of Mercedes luxury cabrios

Mercedes luxury cabriolets history
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Mercedes never had a cabrio badged S-Class until the generation which has been presented today. But before 1971, Mercedes had a lot of luxury four seater cabrios. Here are the main important models.

After the second world war, the top models from Mercedes-Benz were also available in the particularly exclusive variant as a cabriolet.

These included the 170 S (W136) from 1949, the 220  (W187) from 1951 and the 300  S (W188) from 1952.

MB Typ 220 Offener Tourenwagen

The 220 (W187) and the 300 S (W188) were shown at the first edition of Frankfurt Motorshow in April 1951 and went into production in July 1951 with three different bodies – saloon, Convertible A and Convertible B. Both convertibles, which were positioned as exclusive and sporty GT cars, replaced the corresponding versions of the 170 S, production of which ended in November 1951. Apart from the body types already mentioned, 41 open touring cars were produced for the police forces between August 1952 and May 1953. At a first glance there seems to be a strong resemblance between this version and the Convertible B. However, in contrast to that car, this version was available as a four-door car and it had a folding top without coach-joints, as was typical for traditional touring cars.

Mercedes-Benz Typ 220 S Cabriolet

In November 1953, the straight front window of the Convertible A was replaced by a slightly curved one, in order to underscore the sporty appearance of this model

In May 1954, production of the 220 saloon ended, after the last Convertible B had rolled off the conveyor belt at the works in Sindelfingen one year before – obviously many potential customers preferred the saloon with sunroof, which was about DM 2,500 cheaper. Production of the coupé as well as the Convertible A continued until July and August 1955 respectively. More than a year passed until both body versions were available of the new ponton-type 220 model, too.

Both 220 and 300 S versions use a brand new 6 cylinder engine with overhead camshafts.

In March 1954, Mercedes has introduced a new 220 model with a modern integral concept. It was the second Mercedes range to use the name Ponton.

The 220 S cabriolet (W180 II) launched in 1956 was powered by a six cylinder engine carried over from its predecessor model of series 187. The engine had been modified in some aspects: higher compression, the incorporation of a sharper cam shaft and two register carburettors delivered an engine power of 100 HP/4,800 rpm (106 HP from August 1957) and a maximum torque of 16,5 mkg/3,500 rpm (17,5 mKg from August 1957).

The Type 220 SE, a new six-cylinder model, was presented to the public in September 1958 and came on the market two months later. This model, with the internal designation W 128, was largely identical to the 220 S except for having petrol injection. This was done by intermittent inlet manifold injection and meant that the 2.2-liter engine now produced 115 HP.

In 1961, Mercedes has launched the 220 SE Cabriolet from the new W111 model series. Five carbio versions were offered: 220 SE, 250 SE, 300 SE (W112), 280 SE and as a late top model the eight-cylinder 280 SE 3.5. 7013 units of thse five cabriolets were manufactured in Sindelfingen.

Mercedes-Benz S-Klasse Cabrio von 2015 und das S-Klasse Cabrio der Baureihe W 111.

Mercedes-Benz S-Klasse Cabrio von 2015 und das S-Klasse Cabrio der Baureihe W 111.

For the time being there was no open –top luxury car in Mercedes model range to follow this generation. The role was open-top luxury cars were taken over by the third SL generation (code name R 107), produced from 1971 to 1989.

The first luxury car with the S-Class badge – the series W116 – was launched in 1972 and was never offered as a cabrio derivates.